By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized in simple terms because the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did many of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized international of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few a long time. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving financial system and cultures of the overdue moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, unexpectedly ceased to exist, besides writing platforms, expertise, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have prompted such common breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the reasons of this "First darkish Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the top used to be caused through a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and rebel to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas alternate routes. Bringing to lifestyles the colourful multicultural global of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the past due Bronze Age and indicates that it was once their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a gloomy age that lasted centuries.
A compelling blend of narrative and the newest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new mild at the complicated ties that gave upward push to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age--and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.
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Extra info for 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed
The names of the individual groups are included: [Beginning of the victory that his majesty achieved in the land of Libya] Eqwesh, Teresh, Lukka, Shardana, Shekelesh, Northerners coming from all lands. . . . . 19 8 • • • Prologue Several things are apparent in this inscription. First there are five groups, rather than six, who made up this earlier wave of Sea Peoples: the Shardana (or Sherden), Shekelesh, Eqwesh, Lukka, and Teresh. The Shardana and Shekelesh are present in both this invasion and the later one during the time of Ramses III, but the other three groups are different.
Of additional interest is an Egyptian alabaster vase found many years later during another archaeologist’s excavation in a tomb at the site of Katsamba on Crete, one of the port cities on the north coast related to Knossos. 19 The fifth-century Greek historian Thucydides claimed that the Minoans had a navy and ruled the seas during this period: “And the first person known to us by tradition as having established a navy is Minos. 3–8). To earlier scholars, this became 22 • • • Chapter One known as the “Minoan Thalassocracy,” from kratia meaning power and thalassos meaning sea.
First there are five groups, rather than six, who made up this earlier wave of Sea Peoples: the Shardana (or Sherden), Shekelesh, Eqwesh, Lukka, and Teresh. The Shardana and Shekelesh are present in both this invasion and the later one during the time of Ramses III, but the other three groups are different. ” The latter is not too surprising, for most lands with which the New Kingdom Egyptians were in contact (except for Nubia and Libya) lay to the north of Egypt. The identification of the Shardana and the Shekelesh as “countries of the sea” reinforces the suggestion that they are to be linked with Sardinia and Sicily, respectively.