A History of Child Psychoanalysis by Pierre Geissmann, Claudine Geissmann

By Pierre Geissmann, Claudine Geissmann

Child research has occupied a distinct position within the background of psychoanalysis as a result of the demanding situations it poses to practitioners and the clashes it has provoked between its advocates. because the early days in Vienna less than Sigmund Freud baby psychoanalysts have attempted to understand and make understandable to others the psychosomatic problems of youth and to evolve medical and healing methods to the entire levels of improvement of the child, the kid, the adolescent and the younger adult.

Claudine and Pierre Geissmann hint the heritage and improvement of kid research over the past century and determine the contributions made via pioneers of the self-discipline, whose efforts to extend its theoretical foundations ended in clash among faculties of idea, such a lot particularly to the rift among Anna Freud and Melanie Klein.

Now taught and practised greatly in Europe, the united states and South the US, baby and adolescent psychoanalysis is exclusive within the perception it offers into the mental elements of kid improvement, and within the healing advantages it may carry either to the kid and its family.

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One has then to wait for these psychoanalysts successfully to finish their own personal psychoanalysis before seeing their ‘therapeutic gift’ and their insight reappear. This was probably the only psychoanalysis that Max Graf ever undertook. It was very distressing for him and Freud’s support was essential. When Freud wrote: ‘It was only because the authority of a father and of a physician were united in a single person, and because in him both affectionate care and scientific interest were combined, that it was possible in this one instance to apply the method to a use which it would not otherwise have lent itself.

Freud replied that prevention would be more effective if children were not submitted to so much pressure, which in turn leads to repression. The most heated discussions took place in Vienna and were about sexual education. The initial discoveries about infantile sexuality lead the first psychoanalysts to propose early and complete education-information for children. However, there were reservations and much opposition. For example, at the meeting which took place on 18 December 1907, Hitschmann explained that ever since it had become known that sexual trauma was not as important as originally thought, owing to the discovery of phantasy, the necessity for sexual information had been less evident; it could be introduced at 8 to 10 years.

Are related to the sucking organ and seem to precede the first ‘active attempt to mimic’: looking at a bright object, opening the mouth, clicking movements of the tongue, etc. This does not seem to interest Freud very much. As we know, we need to wait for Rene Spitz and then Esther Bick to come along and follow up this lead, which had been uncovered but not explored. However, the same day Jung speaks about his 4-year-old daughter, Agathli. We quote the full observation here, in spite of its length, for its historical interest and so as to be able to understand Freud’s reluctance to consider it entirely authentic: Contributions by my 4-year-old Agathli: the evening before Fränzli’s birth I asked her what she would say if the stork brought her a little brother.

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