By John Miller, Graham Scott
Such a lot 17th Century ecu Monarchs governed territories that have been culturally and institutionally assorted. pressured by means of the escalating scale of warfare to mobilise evermore males and funds they attempted to carry those territories below nearer regulate, overriding nearby and sectional liberties. This used to be justified by means of a idea stressing the monarchs absolute strength and his accountability to put the great of his kingdom ahead of specific pursuits. The essays of this quantity examine this procedure in states at very varied phases of financial and political improvement and check the good gulf that regularly existed among the monarchs strength in conception and in perform.
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Extra info for Absolutism in Seventeenth-Century Europe
They therefore concentrated on defending their patrons, 48 ABSOLUTISM IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY EUROPE rather than on attacking opponents who might become allies. Moreover such arguments surfaced only at times of tension between two or more groups. The theoretical debates did not develop steadily and coherently over the years. Every jurist had an armoury of weapons and used only those which were relevant to a particular confrontation, often presenting them in the form of slogans and shibboleths rather than extended and well-argued theories.
Once again the decisive will is not conceived as acting in an arbitrary vacuum but in the light of knowledge of which the certainty is guaranteed. 21 All this was readily transferable into the temporal realm. Much of it had in any case been inspired and supported by the analogous case of imperial power in Roman civil law (at least in some aspects of that law). After all, the source, it may be argued, of the very concept of absolute power lies in the Roman-law maxim, Princeps legibus solutus est, 'the prince is free from the laws'.
Their holders were theoretically agents of the crown, but the right of an officier to designate his own successor ensured that the king had little control over the personnel of his own administration. These officials often carried out the tasks entrusted to them, not least because it was by doing so that they derived their income, but there were many occasions when they openly refused or covertly failed to implement the instructions of their sovereign and his ministers. Subsequent researches into the Parisian and provincial elites, both social and institutional, have cast further doubt on the effectiveness of royal authority.