By Peter Fonagy
Winner of the 2003 Gradiva Award and the 2003 Goethe Award for Psychoanalytic Scholarship Arguing for the significance of attachment and emotionality within the constructing human realization, 4 favorite analysts discover and refine the options of mentalization and impact law. Their daring, lively, and inspiring imaginative and prescient for psychoanalytic remedy combines parts of developmental psychology, attachment idea, and psychoanalytic procedure. Drawing broadly on case reviews and up to date analytic literature to demonstrate their principles, Fonagy, Gergely, Jurist, and objective provide versions of psychotherapy perform that could permit the sluggish improvement of mentalization and have an effect on law even in sufferers with lengthy histories of violence or overlook.
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Additional info for Affect regulation, mentalization, and the development of the self
Their early experiences with other people enable t h e m to build u p a n d organize multiple s e t s of self-other r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s . As they learn to u n d e r s t a n d other people's behavior better, t h e y become able flexibly to activate t h e representation(s) from t h e s e multiple s e t s t h a t are b e s t suited to respond to particular interpersonal t r a n s a c t i o n s . , Morton a n d Frith 1995) psychology literatures. Reflective functioning or mentalization is t h e active expression of t h i s psychological capacity intimately related to t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e self (Fonagy a n d Target 1995, 1996; Target a n d Fonagy 1996).
Independently, F r e n c h p s y c h o a n a l y s t s developed a notion of mentalization t h a t w a s largely formulated from t h e economic point of view. Pierre Marty d i s c u s s e d mentalization a s a protecr rive buffer in t h e p r e c o n s c i o u s s y s t e m t h a t p r e v e n t s progressive disorganization (Marty 1968). He considers mentalization a s connecting drive excitations a n d m e n t a l r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s a n d thereby creating b o t h "fluidity" a n d "constancy" (Marty 1990, 1991).
Mentalization h a s b e e n described in t h e psychoanalytic literat u r e u n d e r v a r i o u s h e a d i n g s (see t h e excellent review by Lecours a n d B o u c h a r d 1997). All s u c h notions derive from 28 / Theoretical Perspectives F r e u d ' s initial concept of "Bindung" or linking. In h i s distinction between primary a n d s e c o n d a r y processes, F r e u d (1911b) stressed b o t h t h a t "Bindung" w a s a qualitative c h a n g e from a physical (immediate) to a psychic associative quality of linking a n d t h a t t h e psychic working o u t or r e p r e s e n t i n g of i n t e r n a l state of affairs (conceived of in energic terms) failed in v a r i o u s ways (Freud 1914c).