Ancient Philosophy, Mystery, and Magic: Empedocles and by Peter Kingsley

By Peter Kingsley

This can be the 1st booklet to investigate systematically an important points of historic Greek philosophy of their unique context of poser, faith, and magic. the writer brings to gentle lately exposed facts approximately historical Pythagoreanism and its effect on Plato, and reconstructs the interesting esoteric transmission of Pythagorean rules from the Greek West all the way down to the alchemists and magicians of Egypt, and from there into the realm of Islam.

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1 5 - 1 6 ) . T h e r e is n o t h i n g h e r e t o suggest t h a t V i t r u v i u s is d r a w i n g f r o m t h e same source as t h e texts r e p r o d u c e d a b o v e u n d e r Stage 2. I t is o n l y l a t e r p o r t i o n s o f his n a r r a t i v e w h i c h m a k e t h i s c o n ­ c l u s i o n necessary. A l l m e n t i o n o f d i e t is o m i t t e d i n Seneca's s u m m a r y o f P o s i d o n i u s , a n d t h e 8 Cf. Hymn. Horn. 2 0 . 4 ; Aeschylus, / T 4 5 3 ; Moschion, F r .

Pr. 2, p. 11 Meiser; Herm. sec. 2, p. 6 0 . 2 5 ) . Though attested only in late authors, the word could well have appeared at an earlier date in a passage translated directly from the Greek. I f this emendation is correct, Vitruvius' illiteratae voces profundebantur exactly parallels φωνής άσημου και συγκεχυμένης ούσης in Diodorus. 4)· 1 2 Lucretius' account of the origin of language is basically different from those which appear in Diodorus and Vitruvius (see below, pp. 6 1 - 6 2 ) . It is included, however, at a corresponding point in his narrative of the origin of culture—hence may be legitimately listed as a parallel passage.

138-1-4) T h e s e p a r a t i o n b e t w e e n Stage 2 a n d Stage 1 is n o t so c l e a r i n L u c r e t i u s as i t is i n D i o d o r u s a n d Tzetzes. B u t t h e denique nota o f 9 4 8 a n d t h e coacti o f 957 at least i m p l y t h a t h e r e , as i n D i o d o r u s a n d T z e t z e s , t h e silvestria templa are places i n w h i c h m a n m u s t l e a r n , o r be f o r c e d , t o t a k e shelter. T h e t h r e e texts are t h u s r a t h e r s h a r p l y set o f f f r o m m o s t o t h e r a n c i e n t a c c o u n t s o f t h e life o f e a r l y m e n , w h i c h o f t e n m e n t i o n c a v e - d w e l l i n g b u t d o n o t o r d i n a r i l y v i e w i t as i n i t s e l f a t e c h n o l o g i c a l a c h i e v e m e n t w h o s e d i s c o v e r y is w o r t h y o f attention.

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